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The General Statues of North Carolina established the North Carolina Veterinary Medical Board for the purpose of regulating the practice of veterinary medicine and surgery. 

The General Statues, along with the Administrative Code, establish protocols for the review of complaints and set grounds for possible disciplinary action. Complaints are filed against licensees of the Board rather than veterinary practice facilities. The complaint protocol applies to licensed veterinarians, registered veterinary technicians, applicants for examination and faculty certificate holders of this Board. Complaints cannot be accepted anonymously, by fax, e-mail or telephone.

Printer Printer friendly version of Summary of the Complaint Process    


Types of Complaints
The Board investigates complaints concerning the practice of veterinary medicine and the standard of care provided by licensees of the Board and includes, but not limited to:
    - Incompetence
    - Malpractice
    - Fraud
    - Gross negligence
    - Misrepresentation


Fee Issues

The Veterinary Practice Act does not address the issue of fees. Therefore, the Board has no authority concerning fees or the jurisdiction to settle monetary disputes. Monetary disputes would be handled through civil court.


Contract Disputes

The Veterinary Practice Act does not address contract disputes; therefore, these types of disputes are generally not within the jurisdiction of the Board.


Filing a Complaint

A letter of complaint should be typed and mailed to:
    NC Veterinary Medical Board
    1611 Jones Franklin Rd., Suite 106
    Raleigh, NC 27606

Complaints cannot be accepted anonymously, by fax or telephone. A formal complaint is serious, the process takes time and may require all parties travel to a meeting of the Board and provide testimony under oath.

The letter of complaint needs to include the following information:
(1.) The name(s) of the accused individual(s) whom the complaint is to be file against.  (2.) Name(s) of any veterinarian(s) or veterinary practice(s) that may have more information or medical records concerning the pet.  (3.) Detailed account of the complaint/situation including pet’s name, age and breed.  (4.) Copies of any documentation(s) or information pertaining to the complaint. NOTE: Remember to provide a mailing address and telephone number(s) should the Board need to contact you. 





Procedure for Investigation/Review of Complaints
1.) A copy of the letter of complaint is forwarded by certified mail to the accused individual for a response. They are given twenty (20) days from the time they receive the letter of complaint to respond in writing.

2.) A copy of the accused’s written response is then forwarded to the complainant. They also are given twenty (20) days from receipt of letter to reply. Should the complainant not reply to the accused individual’s response, the Committee on Investigation (the “Committee”) could dismiss the complaint.

3.) When the complainant’s response is received, a copy is forwarded to the accused party and a date is set for the complaint to be reviewed by the Committee.  

4.) After the complaint is reviewed, the Committee relays its findings at the next meeting of the full Board.  The attorney for the Board prepares all letters that summarize the findings of the Committee and mailed to all parties.

NOTE: A complaint may need to be continued until the next meeting of the Committee: all parties are informed of this continuation by the Board in writing.


Possible Actions by the Board

    - Issue a Letter of Dismissal
    - Issue a Letter of Caution
    - Issue a Letter of Reprimand
    - Suspension of licensee to practice veterinary medicine in North Carolina


Dismissed Complaints

The Committee on Investigations can dismiss a complaint when it:
    1.) Determines that no probable cause exists
    2.) Lacks the jurisdiction to proceed
    3.) Lacks a response from the person who initiated the complaint


Letter of Caution

A Letter of Caution may be issued when no probable cause is found but it is determined by the Committee on Investigations that the conduct of the accused individual is not in accordance with accepted professional practice.


Letter of Reprimand

When probable cause is found, but it is determined that a disciplinary administrative hearing is not warranted, the Committee on Investigations can issue a Letter of Reprimand. The Letter of Reprimand is prepared by the Board’s attorney and mailed to all parties.

Acceptance of Reprimand: If the Letter of Reprimand is accepted by the accused individual, a record of the Letter of Reprimand shall be maintained at the Board office.

Refusal of Reprimand: The accused individual has fifteen (15) days to refuse the Letter of Reprimand from the date received. A written refusal and request for a hearing should be addressed to the Committee on Investigations and filed with the Executive Director of the Board. This is pursuant to Chapter 150B of the North Carolina General Statutes, Title 21, Chapter 66 of the North Carolina Administrative Code. Legal counsel for the Board shall prepare and file such Notice of Hearing.


Administrative Hearing

When disciplinary action is refused by the licensee and probable cause was found, the attorney for the Board will file a Notice of Hearing. All parties involved in the complaint are informed and must travel to a meeting of the Board to provide testimony under oath. Hearing procedures are similar to a court of law.

Method of Notice: The Board shall give notice to all parties of a Notice of Hearing in person or by certified mail. In the event that the notice is accomplished by certified mail, the delivery date on the return receipt shall be the date served.

Notification Deadline: The Board shall give the party or parties in a contested case a Notice of Hearing no less than fifteen (15) days before the hearing.


Suspension of License/Registration

If the Board determines that public health, safety or welfare requires such action, the Board may issue an order suspending a license or registration. The Board’s attorney will prepare the order requiring the licensee or registrant to immediately cease the practice veterinary medicine in North Carolina.


Ownership of Veterinary Practices

Only a North Carolina licensed veterinarian can own and operate a veterinary practice facility and deliver services to the public. Welfare groups, humane societies or other entities cannot operate, and are not able to own veterinary practice facilities in North Carolina. Any advertising or promotions suggesting that someone or entity owns a veterinary practice other than a North Carolina licensed veterinarian, would be considered in violation of the Veterinary Practice Act.

Welfare groups, humane societies, or other entities are not authorized by law to engage in the delivery of veterinary medical services to the public.

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